Blog

Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men
Source:
Sciencedaily

Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. The study found that individuals who continuously participated in high-impact activities, such as jogging and tennis, during adolescence and young adulthood, had greater hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density than those who did not.

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Care of Shoulder Pain in the Overhead Athlete.
Source:
NCBI

Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder. Capsular laxity, humeral retrotorsion, glenoid retroversion, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, and scapular dyskinesis can all contribute to shoulder dysfunction and pain.

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Jymmin: How a combination of exercise and music helps us feel less pain
Source:
Sciencedaily

Pain is essential for survival. However, it could also slow rehabilitation, or could become a distinct disorder. How strongly we feel it depends on our individual pain threshold. Scientists have discovered that this threshold can be increased by a new fitness method called Jymmin. It combines working out on gym machines with free musical improvisation -- and makes us less sensitive towards physical discomfort.

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Anatomic Variation in Volar Tilt of the Scaphoid and Lunate Facet of the Distal Radius
Source:
PubMed

The aim of distal radial fracture treatment is to achieve optimal function through the restoration of normal anatomy, including volar tilt. The accuracy of assessing volar tilt on standard lateral radiographs compared with anatomic tilt lateral (ATL) radiographs is uncertain.

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The Relationship Between Shoulder Stiffness and Rotator Cuff Healing
Source:
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

A total of 1,533 consecutive shoulders had an arthroscopic rotator cuff repair by a single surgeon. Patients assessed their shoulder stiffness using a Likert scale preoperatively and at 1, 6, 12, and 24 weeks (6 months) postoperatively, and examiners evaluated passive range of motion preoperatively and at 6, 12, and 24 weeks postoperatively. Repair integrity was determined by ultrasound evaluation at 6 months.

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Trigger finger surgery: What to expect
Source:
MyHealth.Alberta.ca

Your finger and hand may be sore and swollen for several days. It may be hard to move your finger at first. This usually gets better after several weeks. You may feel numbness or tingling near the cut, called an incision, that the doctor made. This feeling will probably get better in a few days, but it may take several months to completely go away. Your doctor will take out your stitches 1 to 2 weeks after surgery.

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Concomitant rotator cuff, biceps repair led to greater improvement in PROs
Source:
Healio

Despite inferior baseline patient-reported outcomes, patients who underwent rotator cuff repair with concomitant biceps procedure had greater improvement in outcomes at 1-year postoperatively compared with patients who underwent rotator cuff repair alone, according to results.

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Over-the-counter painkillers treated painful injuries just as well as opioids in new study
Source:
Log Angles Times

In an opioid epidemic that currently claims an average of 91 lives per day, there have been many paths to addiction. For some, it started with a fall or a sports injury, a trip to a nearby emergency room and a prescription for a narcotic pain reliever that seemed to work well in the ER.

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Lack of motion at 8 weeks after conservative care of patients with humeral shaft fractures predicted union
Source:
Healio

Lack of motion after 8 weeks predicted union in patients treated nonoperatively for humeral shaft fractures, and surgical intervention may be beneficial for patients with gross motion but who lack of callus formation at this time, according to a presenter at the Orthopaedic Trauma Association Annual Meeting.

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What is a hairline fracture?
Source:
Medical News Today

Hairline or stress fractures are tiny cracks on a bone that often develop in the foot or lower leg. It is common for hairline fractures to occur as a result of sports that involve repetitive jumping or running.

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What are hand cramps?
Source:
Medical News Today

Hand cramping can occur for many reasons and cause significant discomfort in some people.
Often, hand cramps are caused by muscle spasms, which are described as an uncontrollable or involuntary muscle contraction. These spasms or contractions do not allow the muscle to become relaxed and can become excruciating in some cases.

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First FDA-approved stem cell trial for shoulder injuries reaches full enrollment
Source:
News Medical

The trial is the first in the United States to offer an FDA-approved adipose-derived stem cell trial for shoulder injuries. The trial opened in Fargo, North Dakota, and Sioux Falls in December 2016. In this trial, one's own adipose stem cells are used to determine if they can repair partial thickness rotator cuff tears.

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Single image slice may not capture 3-D muscle measurements in rotator cuff tears
Source:
Healio

Patients with rotator cuff tears experience fatty infiltration increased percentages of most likely caused primarily by muscle atrophy and a single image slice did not capture 3-D muscle measurements, according to recently published data.

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Endovascular treatment of below-the-elbow arteries in critical hand ischemia.
Source:
PubMed

Although uncommon, critical hand ischemia (CHI) represents a cause of significant disability because of its effect on hand function. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is now considered a first-line therapy for above-the-elbow artery disease while there are few data regarding the treatment of below-the-elbow (BTE) arteries

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Silicone metacarpophalangeal joint arthroplasty yielded benefits that persist out to 7 years
Source:
Healio

In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, silicone metacarpophalangeal joint arthroplasty provided benefits that were sustained for up to 7 years and had low rates of implant fracture or deformity, according to recently published results.

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Biomechanical acoustics study sheds light on running injuries
Source:
Science Daily

Devoted runners suffer from a surprisingly high rate of injury. One reason for these injuries is that runners endure many shocks from the impact, and these cause vibrations that travel from the foot throughout the entire body. A researcher who focuses on acoustics and biomechanics, studied these repetitive shocks and investigated how runners adapt their running patterns.

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Buckle fractures: Risk factors and recovery
Source:
Medical News Today

Buckle fractures are compression fractures and are very common in children. They happen when one side of the bone buckles, or bends, but doesn't break all the way through.

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Obesity increases risk of complications after shoulder joint replacement surgery
Source:
Science Daily

For patients undergoing shoulder joint replacement surgery (arthroplasty), higher body mass index is linked to increased complications -- including the need for "revision" surgery, reports a study in the June 7 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. The journal is published in partnership with Wolters Kluwer.

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Anatomic tear deterioration was associated with nonoperative treatment of rotator cuff tears
Source:
Healio

Most patients who underwent nonoperative treatment for rotator cuff tears had anatomic tear deterioration, with poorer functional outcomes found in large tear size increases and progression of muscle atrophy, according to results.

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Researchers identify a new cause of inherited neuropathy
Source:
Science News line 

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) is a family of inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system, affecting approximately one in 2,500 Americans. Its most common iteration, CMT1, comes in many forms, most of which have to date been linked to a small set of causative genes. New research from the department of Neurology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia recently spanned the globe to uncover a new genetic cause of CMT1. Their findings are published online this week in Brain.

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Tenodesis, tenotomy showed favorable results in treatment of long head of biceps tendon lesions
Source:
Healio 

Results presented at the Arthroscopy Association of North America Annual Meeting showed favorable results with both tenodesis and tenotomy in the treatment of lesions of the long head of the biceps tendon.

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Study: Metabolic syndrome not linked with hand OA
Source:
Healio 

LAS VEGAS — A study presented here at the Osteoarthritis Research Society International World Congress indicated no significant relationship between metabolic syndrome and hand osteoarthritis.

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Patient Understanding, Expectations, and Satisfaction Regarding Rotator Cuff Injuries and Surgical Management
Source:
Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 

Rotator cuff injuries are among the most common in orthopaedics, with rotator cuff repair surgery consistently reported as one of the most commonly performed orthopaedic procedures. Patient satisfaction is becoming an increasingly important outcome metric as health care continues to evolve with regard to quality measures affecting physician reimbursement.

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Intense training without proper recovery may compromise bone health in elite rowers
Source:
Science Daily

Bone mineral density, an indicator of bone strength, typically increases with regular exercise, acting as a protective mechanism against bone fractures and osteoporosis. But a new study suggests that the extended, high-intensity training sessions of elite athletes could reverse beneficial bone changes.

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Throwing injuries in young baseball players: Is there something we are not considering?
Source:
Medical Xpress

Sports medicine doctors are seeing an increase in injuries to the throwing arm in youngsters, and many of these require surgery. Most worrisome is that the risk for developing a throwing injury was shown to increase by 36 times in adolescent pitchers who continued playing with a fatigued arm.

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Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men
Source:
Medical Xpress

Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a University of Missouri researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. The study found that individuals who continuously participated in high-impact activities, such as jogging and tennis, during adolescence and young adulthood, had greater hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density than those who did not.

Read More


Care of Shoulder Pain in the Overhead Athlete
Source:
Healio

Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder.

Read More


Single image slice may not capture 3-D muscle measurements in rotator cuff tears
Source:
Healio

Patients with rotator cuff tears experience fatty infiltration increased percentages of most likely caused primarily by muscle atrophy and a single image slice did not capture 3-D muscle measurements, according to recently published data.

Read More


Endovascular treatment of below-the-elbow arteries in critical hand ischemia.
Source:
NCBI

Although uncommon, critical hand ischemia (CHI) represents a cause of significant disability because of its effect on hand function.

Read More


Preoperative opioid use linked with lower outcome scores after TSA
Source:
Healio

Patients with a history of preoperative opioid use experienced significantly lower preoperative baseline and final outcome scores after total shoulder arthroplasty than patients who did not take opioids preoperatively, according to results.

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Anatomic reinsertion seen as preferred surgical method of distal biceps tears
Source:
Healio

In the surgical treatment of distal biceps tendon tears, investigators of this study found surgeons preferred anatomic reinsertion to the radial tuberosity.

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Pitchers risk greater injury if MLB cuts time between pitches, researchers warn
Source:
Medical Xpress

Proposed rule changes by Major League Baseball, designed to speed up the game by reducing time between pitches, could lead to a spike in arm injuries as players have less time to recover between throws, say researchers who have analyzed the impact of fatigue.

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Researchers identify a new cause of inherited neuropathy
Source:
Medical Xpress

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) is a family of inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system, affecting approximately one in 2,500 Americans. Its most common iteration, CMT1, comes in many forms, most of which have to date been linked to a small set of causative genes. New research from the department of Neurology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia recently spanned the globe to uncover a new genetic cause of CMT1. Their findings are published online this week in Brain.

Read More


Highly specialized high school athletes more likely to have certain injuries, study says
Source:
Medical Xpress

Titled "Prevalence of Sport Specialization in High School Athletics," this one-year observational study found that high school athletes from a smaller school were less likely to specialize in a sport than those attending a large school. The researchers also found that highly specialized athletes were more likely to report a history of overuse knee or hip injuries.

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