Hand & Wrist
The human hand is an intricate instrument that is both tough and delicate. Its functions of sensations and motion allow us to experience and control the world around us.
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The tendons of the thumb and each of the fingers pass through a sheath on the palm side of the hand. Certain diseases and overuse activities can cause thickening of this sheath. As the tendon passes through a thickened sheath, the tendon eventually becomes irritated and swells. Pain, catching and eventually locking of the finger will occur. Early treatment consists of anti-inflammatory medication or Cortisone injection. If these fail to provide relief, the sheath is opened surgically through a small incision at the base of the finger.
This disorder is the thickening of a ligament in the palm, resulting in nodules on the ligament which, if severe enough, can cause an inability to fully straighten the fingers. The ring and small fingers are the fingers most commonly involved.
The cause of this disorder is unknown. It is seen more commonly in men and is usually found in individuals of northern European extraction.
If deformity is mild and there is no functional loss, no surgery is needed. If, however, there is significant contracture that interferes with full use of the hand, surgical removal of a portion of the ligament is the treatment of choice to improve function and to prevent further deformity.
Tendonitis on the thumb side of the wrist can be a very painful and disabling condition. Simple pinching and twisting activities can be almost impossible. The tendons to the thumb become inflamed as they pass under a ligament and the slightest motion of the wrist can cause pain.
Treatment consists of rest, medication and occasionally the use of a steroid injection. If these treatments do not provide relief over time, the tendons can be surgically released.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common, painful, progressive condition that is caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist area. Common symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include numbness and tingling sensation in all the fingers except little finger; pain and burning sensation in hand and wrist that may radiate up the arm and elbow; and weakness in hand with diminished grip strength.
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Wrist is also called as carpus, a complex joint comprised of bones and joints, ligaments and tendons, nerves, blood vessels, and muscles that hold the bones together.
For more information about Arthroscopic Wrist Surgery click on below tabs.
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website ofAmerican Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
- Arthritis of the Hand
- Arthritis of the Wrist
- Boutonnière Deformity
- Dupuytren’s contracture
- Fracture of the finger
- Ganglions (cysts) of the Wrist
- Hand Fractures
- Trigger Finger
- Wrist Arthroscopy
- Wrist Sprains
- Wrist Joint Replacement (Arthroplasty)
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- deQuervain’s tendinitis
- Hand surgery
- Reflex sympathetic dystrophy
- Ulnar nerve entrapment
- Distal Radius Fracture (Colles’ Fracture)
- Scaphoid Fracture of the Wrist